Nutrition and Nutrition of pregnant women is an important thing that had to be met as long as the pregnancy progresses. The risk of fetal health is being conceived and mother containing would be reduced if pregnant women get nutrition and balanced nutrition. Therefore, families and pregnant women should be concerned about this. Nutrition or nutrition of pregnant women was tantamount to setting about nutrition healthy eating patterns. Only this time, pregnant women should be more careful in choosing foods because given the health of the fetus are also it contains.
Along with the gestational age keeps growing, eating and nutritional needs also increase the nutrition of pregnant women, particularly when entering the second trimester gestational age. At the time of the second trimester, a fetus is growing very rapidly, in particular regarding the following arrangement was brain growth.
Nutrition and good nutrition during pregnancy significantly helps pregnant women and the fetus through the days of her pregnancy. Of course pregnant women and the fetus will remain healthy. During pregnancy, nutritional needs will increase as the need for calcium, iron and folic acid. Pregnant women should be encouraged to consume berries in good food and nutritious, plus control over kenaian his weight during pregnancy to take place. An ideal weight gain ranges between 12-15 pounds.
In order for the development of the fetus is well underway, and pregnant women can undergo days of her pregnancy with healthy eating, consumption of pregnant women's nutrition must contain the following:
Calories. Calorie consumption during pregnancy should be incremented dikisaran 300-400 kcal per day. The calories in a can be derived from a variety of food sources, where healthy eating patterns 4 5 must see as perfect. Well, 55% of calories obtained from the tubers as well as rice as a source of carbs, good fats of vegetable or animal as much as 35%, 10% from protein and vegetables as well as buahan could complement.
Asama Folate. The fetus is in dire need of folic acid in large quantities to the formation of cells and nervous system. During the first trimester the fetus would need extra folic acid 400 micrograms per day. If the fetus is experiencing shortages will folic acid, then this will make the development of the fetus becomes imperfect and can make the fetus was born with an abnormality such as having anenchephaly (no skull), underwent cleft lip and suffering from spina bifda (a condition in which the spinal cord is not connected). Folic acid can be on fruits, brown rice and green vegetables.
Protein. In addition to being a source of calories and builders, the formation of blood cells and is one of the functions of the proteins. Protein needed by expectant mothers with a total of about 60 grams per day or 10 grams more than usual. Protein can be obtained from beans, tempeh, egg whites, meat and tofu.
Calcium. Function in growth and formation of teeth and the bones of the fetus. With no adequate calcium during pregnancy, pregnant women can escape from disease osteoporosis. Why this could happen? because if pregnant women don't have enough calcium, it needs the fetus will be calcium bone will be taken from his mother. Milk and other processed products are a good source of calcium, in addition to calcium, milk has other vitamin required pregnant women, synonymous of vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin B2, vitamin B3 and vitamin c. Besides of milk, nuts and green vegetables are a good source of calcium as well.
Vitamin a. very useful for maintenance of eye function, bone growth and skin. In addition vitamin A also serve as immunity and growth of the fetus. However, vitamin A meskiun badly needed by pregnant women, but not to excess in the consumption, because if pregnant women experiencing excess vitamin A it can make uninterrupted growth of the fetus.
Iron. Function in the formation of the blood, especially red blood cells form hemoglobin and decreases the risk of pregnant women exposed to anemia. Iron will be required at the time of the pregnancy enters the age of 20 weeks. The need for as many as 30 mg iron per day. Iron can be found in liver, meat or fish.
Vitamin C the body of pregnant women need vitamin C to absorb iron. In addition vitamin C is very good for the health of your gums and teeth. Other functions of vitamin C is to protect networks from a variety of organ damage as well as giving the brain a chemical signal, it occurs because vitamin C contains many antioxidants.
Vitamin d. calcium so that absorb can be very useful in bone formation and growth of the baby. Vitamin D can be obtain from food sources, milk, egg yolk or fish liver.
If pregnant women do not experience a variety of symptoms such as anemia, bleeding gums and other symptoms, then pregnant women can be said to have adequate nutrition and his nutritional needs. It is more important to check the adequacy of nutrition during pregnancy is of course through the progression of weight gain during pregnancy. Certainly weight gain varies each month.
But what if during pregnancy pregnant women experience a lack of nutritional intake? then it can have an impact on the occurrence of babies born prematurely, resulting in a miscarriage, the presence of abnormalities in babies in the developing fetus, the system was not normal, even to causing the death of a fetus. So, pay attention to correct nutritional intake during pregnancy is about, to remember, do not meet the nutritional needs and nutrition because of quantity, but of quality nutrition with balanced composition and pretty, that's what counts.